Printing is a process for reproducing text and images, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. It is often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential part of publishing and transaction printing. The development of printing was preceded by the use of cylinder seals in Mesopotamia developed in 3500 B.C. , and other related stamp seals. The earliest form of printing was woodblock printing, with existing examples from China dating to before 220 A.D.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral which produces a text or graphics of documents stored in electronic form, usually on physical print media such as paper or transparencies. Many printers are primarily used as local peripherals, and are attached by a printer cable or, in most new printers, a USB cable to a computer which serves as a document source.
Printer (computing)Computer printersOffice equipmentTypography
In publishing, printers are both companies providing printing services and individuals who directly operate printing presses. The profession of printer became established after the invention of the moveable type printing press by Johannes Gutenberg around 1450, and proliferated throughout Europe.
Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper. As a method of printing on cloth, the earliest surviving examples from China date to before 220. Ukiyo-e is the best known type of Japanese woodblock art print.
Woodblock printingDecorative artsRelief printingBook artsObsolete technologiesTextile artsHistory of printingBook design
An inkjet printer is a type of computer printer that creates a digital image by propelling droplets of ink onto paper. Inkjet printers are the most commonly used type of printer and range from small inexpensive consumer models to very large professional machines that can cost tens of thousands of dollars. The concept of inkjet printing originated in the 19th century, and the technology was first extensively developed in the early 1950s.
Inkjet printerComputer printersOffice equipmentNon-impact printing1976 introductions
3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. 3D printing is achieved using additive processes, where an object is created by laying down successive layers of material. 3D printing is considered distinct from traditional machining techniques (subtractive processes) which mostly rely on the removal of material by drilling, cutting etc.
3D printingIndustrial designEmerging technologiesRobotics3D printingProduct managementManufacturing
Dot matrix printer
A dot matrix printer or impact matrix printer is a type of computer printer with a print head that runs back and forth, or in an up and down motion, on the page and prints by impact, striking an ink-soaked cloth ribbon against the paper, much like the print mechanism on a typewriter. However, unlike a typewriter or daisy wheel printer, letters are drawn out of a dot matrix, and thus, varied fonts and arbitrary graphics can be produced.
Dot matrix printerComputer printersDEC hardwareImpact printers
Longman was a publishing company founded in London, England in 1724. It is now an imprint of Pearson Education.
Longman1724 establishments in EnglandPearson PLCCompanies established in 1724Book publishing companies based in London
IBM Selectric typewriter
The IBM Selectric typewriter was a highly successful model line of electric typewriters introduced by IBM on July 31, 1961. Instead of the "basket" of individual typebars that swung up to strike the ribbon and page in a traditional typewriter, the Selectric had a type element (frequently called a "typeball", or even more informally, a "golf ball") that rotated and pivoted to the correct position before striking.
IBM Selectric typewriterIndustrial designsIBM typewriters1961 introductions
Digital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital based image directly to a variety of media. It usually refers to professional printing where small run jobs from desktop publishing and other digital sources are printed using large format and/or high volume laser or inkjet printers.
Digital printingDigital pressPrinting processes
Letterpress printing is relief printing of text and image using a press with a "type-high bed" printing press and movable type, in which a reversed, raised surface is inked and then pressed into a sheet of paper to obtain a positive right-reading image. It was the normal form of printing text from its invention by Johannes Gutenberg in the mid-15th century until the 19th century and remained in wide use for books and other uses until the second half of the 20th century.
Letterpress printingRelief printingBook artsLetterpress printingTypographyGraphic design
Graphics Device Interface
The Graphics Device Interface (GDI) is a Microsoft Windows application programming interface and core operating system component responsible for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices such as monitors and printers. GDI is responsible for tasks such as drawing lines and curves, rendering fonts and handling palettes. It is not directly responsible for drawing windows, menus, etc. ; that task is reserved for the user subsystem, which resides in user32.
Graphics Device InterfaceGraphics librariesMicrosoft WindowsMicrosoft application programming interfaces
The line printer is a form of high speed impact printer in which one line of type is printed at a time. They are mostly associated with the early days of computing, but the technology is still in use. Print speeds of 600 to 1200 lines-per-minute (approximately 10 to 20 pages per minute) were common.
Line printerComputer printersImpact printers
An MFP (Multi Function Product/ Printer/ Peripheral), multifunctional, all-in-one (AIO), or Multifunction Device (MFD), is an office machine which incorporates the functionality of multiple devices in one, so as to have a smaller footprint in a home or small business setting (the SOHO market segment), or to provide centralized document management/distribution/production in a large-office setting.
Multifunction printerComputer printersOffice equipmentInformation technology management
An optical printer is a device consisting of one or more film projectors mechanically linked to a movie camera. It allows filmmakers to re-photograph one or more strips of film. The optical printer is used for making special effects for motion pictures, or for copying and restoring old film material. Common optical effects include fade outs and fade ins, dissolves, slow motion, fast motion, and matte work. More complicated work can involve dozens of elements, all combined into a single scene.
Optical printerSpecial effects
For the type of printer which uses sparks and aluminised paper (and is sometimes referred to as a "thermal printer"), see spark printer. Part of a series on the History of printing Woodblock printing (200) Movable type (1040) Printing press (1454) Etching (ca.
Thermal printerThermochromismComputer printersNon-impact printing
Daisy wheel printer
Daisy wheel printers use an impact printing technology invented in 1969 by David S. Lee at Diablo Data Systems. It uses interchangeable pre-formed type elements, each with typically 96 glyphs, to generate high-quality output comparable to premium typewriters such as the IBM Selectric, but two to three times faster. Daisy-wheel printing was used in electronic typewriters, word processors and computer systems from 1972.
Daisy wheel printerComputer printersOffice equipmentImpact printers
A contact print is a photographic image produced from film; sometimes from a film negative, and sometimes from a film positive. The defining characteristic of a contact print is that the photographic result is made by exposing through the film negative or positive, onto a light sensitive material that is pressed tightly to the film. In the dark, or under a safe light, an exposed and developed piece of photographic film is placed emulsion side down, against a piece of photographic paper.
Contact printPhotographic processes
A dye-sublimation printer (or dye-sub printer) is a computer printer which employs a printing process that uses heat to transfer dye onto medium materials such as a plastic card, paper, or fabric. The sublimation name is applied because the dye transitions between the solid and gas states without going through a liquid stage. Many consumer and professional dye-sublimation printers are designed and used for producing photographic prints.
Dye-sublimation printerComputer printersNon-impact printing
Casey J. Printers (born May 16, 1981) is a professional American football, Canadian football and indoor football quarterback who is currently playing for the Allen Wranglers of the Indoor Football League. Printers has spent most of his professional career with the BC Lions in the Canadian Football League, and has also played for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats and the Kansas City Chiefs.
Casey PrintersCanadian Football League Most Outstanding Player Award winnersTexas Christian University alumniFlorida A&M University alumniAfrican American players of American footballHamilton Tiger-Cats playersLiving peopleAllen Wranglers playersTCU Horned Frogs football playersAmerican motivational speakersBC Lions playersAmerican football quarterbacksAfrican American players of Canadian football1981 birthsCanadian football quarterbacksFlorida A&M Rattlers football playersPeople from the Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex
A virtual printer is a piece of computer software whose user interface and API resemble that of a printer driver, but which is not connected with a physical computer printer. When a user requests that a document be "printed" by a virtual printer, then, instead of having the document printed on paper or other material, the underlying software would process its contents in some other way, often resulting in a file being produced or the information being transmitted.
Virtual printerComputer printers
Thermal transfer printer
A thermal transfer printer is a printer which prints on paper (or some other material) by melting a coating of ribbon so that it stays glued to the material on which the print is applied. It contrasts with direct thermal printing where no ribbon is present in the process.
Thermal transfer printerComputer printersNon-impact printingPackaging machinery
An IRIS printer is a large-format color inkjet printer introduced in 1987 by IRIS Graphics of Bedford, Massachusetts and currently manufactured by the Graphic Communications Group of Eastman Kodak, designed for prepress proofing. It is also used in the fine art reproduction market as a final output digital printing press.
Iris printer1987 introductionsPrinting terminologyPrint productionPrintingGraphic designComputer printersNon-impact printing
Licensing of the Press Act 1662
The Licensing of the Press Act 1662 is an Act of the Parliament of England (14 Car. II. c. 33), long title "An Act for preventing the frequent Abuses in printing seditious treasonable and unlicensed Bookes and Pamphlets and for regulating of Printing and Printing Presses. " It was repealed by the Statute Law Revision Act 1863. The Act was originally limited to two years.
Licensing of the Press Act 1662Acts of the Parliament of England1662 in law1662 in England
Line matrix printer
A line matrix printer is a computer printer that is a compromise between a line printer and a dot matrix printer. Basically, it prints a page-wide line of dots. It builds up a line of text by printing lines of dots.
Line matrix printerImpact printers
National Graphical Association
The National Graphical Association (NGA) was a British trade union. It was formed in 1964 by the merger of two long-term rival unions, the Typographical Association and the London Typographical Society.
National Graphical Association1964 establishments in the United KingdomFormer British trade unionsOrganizations disestablished in 1990Printing trade unionsOrganizations established in 1964
An LED printer is a type of computer printer similar to laser printer. LED technology uses a light-emitting diode array as a light source in the printhead instead of the laser used in laser printers and, more generally, in the xerography process. The LED bar pulse-flashes across the entire page width and creates the image on the print drum or belt as it moves past. LEDs are more efficient and reliable than conventional laser printers, since they have fewer moving parts.
LED printerComputer printersNon-impact printing
Press Gang Publishers
Press Gang Publishing was a feminist printing and publishing collective active in [Vancouver, BC, Canada between the early 1970s and 2002. ]
Press Gang PublishersBook publishing companies of CanadaFeminist book publishing companiesPublishing companies established in 1970CollectivesPolitical book publishing companiesFeminist organizations
Soncino family (printers)
The Soncino family (משפחת שונצינו)is an Italian Sephardi Jewish family of printers, deriving its name from the town of Soncino in the duchy of Milan. It traces its descent through a Moses of Fürth, who is mentioned in 1455, back to a certain Moses of Speyer, of the middle of the fourteenth century. The first of the family engaged in printing was Israel Nathan b. Samuel, the father of Joshua Moses and the grandfather of Gershon.
Soncino family (printers)Jewish printing and publishingPrinters of incunabulaItalian printers
Wide-format printers (contrast to vector-rendering "plotters") are generally accepted to be any printer with a print width between 17" and 100". Printers over the 100" mark may be called Super-Wide or Grand format. Wide format printers are used to print banners, posters and general signage and in some cases may be more economical than short-run methods such as screenprinting.
Wide-format printerComputer printers
Ink jet printer
Ink jet printer
Four generations of the Sepp family, publishers and artists were naturalists or entomologists. The Sepp company became famous for the numerous large natural history collections of plates that appeared between 1768 and 1860. They published translations from English, French and German authors on natural history, prints by Petrus Camper, an anatomist, but also some religious songs. Pieter Cramer and Caspar Stoll, also entomologists, had their works published by Sepp.
Sepp (publisher)German familiesPeople from Goslar
A barcode printer (or bar code printer) is a computer peripheral for printing barcode labels or tags that can be attached to physical objects. Barcode printers are commonly used to label cartons before shipment, or to label retail items with UPCs or EANs. The most common barcode printers employ one of two different printing technologies. Direct thermal printers use a printhead to generate heat that causes a chemical reaction in specially designed paper that turns the paper black.
Barcode printerComputer printersAutomatic identification and data capturePackaging machinery
Caxton Press (United States)
Caxton Press is a book publisher located in Caldwell, Idaho, United States, founded in 1925. It is also a distributor of books from the University of Idaho Press, Black Canyon Communications, Snake Country Publishing, Historic Idaho Series and Alpha Omega Publishing. It was founded by J. H. Gipson to give western writers, particularly of non-fiction about the people or culture of the Western United States, a vehicle for publication of their work.
Caxton Press (United States)Publishing companies established in 1925Book publishing companies of the United States1925 establishments in the United StatesCaldwell, Idaho
A label printer is a computer printer that prints on self-adhesive label material and/or card-stock (tags). A label printer with built-in keyboard and display for stand-alone use (not connected to a separate computer) is often called a label maker. Label printers are different from ordinary printers because they need to have special feed mechanisms to handle rolled stock, or tear sheet (fanfold) stock.
Label printerComputer printersAutomatic identification and data capturePackaging machineryRadio-frequency identification
Caxton and CTP Publishers and Printers
Caxton and CTP Publishers and Printers Limited (Caxton/CTP) is a South African printing and publishing company. It publishes a large number of newspapers and magazines and is also the largest commercial printers in the country. In addition, it manufactures stationery and packaging products.
Caxton and CTP Publishers and PrintersPublishing companies of South Africa
Card printers, often also called plastic-card printers, are electronic desktop printers with single card feeders which print and personalize plastic cards. In this respect they differ from, for example, label printers which have a continuous supply feed. Card dimensions are usually 85.60 × 53.98 mm, standardized under ISO/IEC 7810 as ID-1. This format is also used in EC-cards, telephone cards, European Union drivers’ licenses and health insurance cards.
Card printerComputer printersNon-impact printing
MicroDry is a computer printing system developed by the ALPS corporation of Japan. It is a resin-transfer system using individual colored thermal ribbon cartridges, and can print in process color using cyan, magenta, yellow, and black cartridges, as well as such spot-color cartridges as white, metallic silver, and metallic gold, on a wide variety of paper and transparency stock. Certain MicroDry printers can also operate in dye sublimation mode, using special cartridges and paper.
MicroDryComputer printersNon-impact printing
Dye sublimation printer
Dye sublimation printer
A page printer is a type of computer printer that prints on cut sheet paper. A modern page printer may use any of various technologies, such as laser, LED or inkjet. Most modern computer printers are page printers. The page printer was jointly developed (circa 1900) and patented in 1924 by Sterling Morton and Howard Krum.. Works like a copy machine, using toner and a heat bar. Laser printers are in this category.
Industrial digital printer
Industrial Digital Printers can be divided into a variety of different categories. As the industry becomes more mature, and the number of manufacturers increases, the line between the broad descriptions becomes less defined. Digital Printers are sometimes erroneously referred to as being “Digital Printing Presses”.
Industrial digital printerComputer printers
ISO Standards for colour ink jet printers
In 2006, the ISO published the International Standard for determining the ink cartridge yield for colour inkjet printers and multifunctional devices. This standard is used to prescribe the test method that manufacturers and test labs use to determine ink jet cartridge yields. It also standardizes the appropriate method of describing the yield of cartridges in documentation supplied to the consumer by the manufacturer.
ISO Standards for colour ink jet printersISO standards
Printers Devil, Bristol
The Printers Devil is an historic public house situated on Broad Plain, Bristol, England. It was built in the late 18th century as a public house, and was formerly known as the Queens Head. It is a grade II listed building. As of July 2008, the pub is closed.
Printers Devil, BristolBuildings and structures completed in 1858Grade II listed public housesPublic houses in BristolGrade II listed buildings in Bristol